Galatians 5:6 is a crucial verse when it comes to the relationship between faith and love.
NIV ‘For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision has any value. The only thing that counts is faith expressing itself through love.’
ESV ‘For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love.’
NRSV ‘For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything; the only thing that counts is faith working through love.’
The Greek can be rendered more literally, ‘faith working love’ – the sense being that faith and love are integrally connected, almost like one tangible ‘thing’.
We may put it like this, for Paul, for someone to be a Christian (in Christ) is to be living a life of ‘faith working love’. Or, differently, the very purpose of being a Christian is ‘faith working love’. Without love that faith counts for nothing.
There is no such thing as Christian faith that does not work in love.
This takes us straight to 1 Corinthians 13 where the Apostle makes this point even more bluntly and with greater rhetorical effect – without love, whatever someone does for Jesus, however impressive, powerful or sacrificial, is completely and utterly worthless.
If so, how should this impact the priorities of church life? Of personal discipleship? Of training programmes, preaching and theological education generally?
Note how this is different to the ‘love alone’ theology of the previous post.
Christian love has a specific form – it is umbilically linked to faith. That faith in turn has a specific focus – Jesus Christ.
This means that there is a sharp contrast between Christian love and popular contemporary understandings of love.
In contrast to ‘love alone’ theology, Christian love:
- Is interpreted and understood from within the narrative of the Bible
- It has a specific content – the self-giving love of God in Christ
- Nothing is easy or soft about Christian love – it involves spiritual transformation of desires through walking by the Spirit.
- It is not concerned primarily about the self, it involves self-sacrifice for the good of others.
- It is communal through and through – lived out in all the messiness of relationship with others within the community of the church and overflowing into the world.
- Ethically, ‘love alone’ does not justify and legitimise what is moral and good. Christian love means obedience (‘If you love me you will obey my commands’).
- Nor is Christian love itself divine, only God is. Love itself does not give our lives ultimate meaning – being children of the God who is love does.
Paul’s emphasis on love does not hang on a couple of extraordinary texts. Love pervades his theology and his letters – God’s love for us, our response of love for God, and – most of all – exhortations and commands for the people of God to love one another.
Nor is Paul out of sync with the rest of the New Testament. While John is the theologian of love par excellence, the priority of love is everywhere. We’ll have a look at some texts in the next post.
Comments, as ever, welcome.