This verse from 1 Timothy 6:10 is probably one of the misquoted texts in the New Testament. The popular shortened version – ‘money is the root of all evil’ – makes two errors:
i. It wrongly identifies money itself as the problem when it is human attitudes to money that is in view – love of the green stuff.
ii. It also wrongly lumps all causes of evil to money. While it is very likely that the vast majority of evil is linked to love of money, the text says ‘a root of every kind of evil’ – not the root of evil per se.
Now, having said this, these clarifications in no way lessens the force of what is being said in this verse. Money is spiritual kryptonite – it’s highly dangerous stuff. To be treated with extreme caution.
I started listing evils associated with the love of money. It started to get pretty long pretty quickly.
Here’s an invitation – what evils do you see today that are the direct consequence of love of money?
Here’s the immediate context in 1 Timothy 6:6-10:
6 But godliness with contentment is great gain. 7 For we brought nothing into the world, and we can take nothing out of it. 8 But if we have food and clothing, we will be content with that. 9 Those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge people into ruin and destruction.10 For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.
The dangers of the love of money are unpacked in 9-10. Look out for key words around the human heart – what drives us:
‘foolish and harmful desires’
‘love of money’ (philarguria – a rare word in the NT with the sense of craving or greed for more)
Those desires are powerful but utterly destructive. ‘Plunge’ has the sense of drowning, being overwhelming and sinking without hope into ruin and destruction.
Those motivated by love of money have wandered into apostasy, abandoning the faith. Now lost, it is as if they have impaled themselves and are in agony. It is graphic imagery.
They have fallen for the oldest temptation of all – greed for more. Their dissatisfaction meant that they were lured into a trap. The bait was money. By taking the bait they are imprisoned in harmful and foolish desires.
Has this convinced you yet that money is a dangerous substance? Perhaps our Euro notes should have a skull and crossbones on them.
Yet I suspect that there is little Christian teaching on the toxic dangers of love of money – especially in a culture of turbo-charged consumerism where ‘greed is good’ and ‘more’ is never enough.
Gordon Fee comments, if this is the case
‘Why would any one want to be rich?’
The desire for more is foolish because money is a transitory and powerless thing. It could not bring us life nor is it any value in death (7). To pursue it and love it is to chase after something that cannot deliver.
By falling to its temptation we are like rats in a trap – we follow its allure and can’t escape.
What then is the only ‘protection’ or inoculation against the toxic poison that is love of money?
Godliness (eusebia) : love for God. In him is our source of identity. Hope. Purpose. We do not need to pursue false gods of money and its illusionary promises.
Contentment: Satisfaction with ‘enough’. Simplicity of lifestyle (8). Rest. Gratitude. Contentment is the most radically counter-cultural attitude possible in a consumer society.
It is quite literally ‘heresy’ in a culture of ‘never enough’.
This combination of godliness and contentment constitutes real riches. Note the irony and the polemic – this is the only place where ‘great gain’ is to be found.
Do we really believe this?
What do you think?
Comments, as ever, welcome.