Some questions about love.
What sort of characteristics or virtues are necessary for love to take root and grow? Do you see love as that which requires discipline and hard work? What does such work look like in practice?
Or is love natural, easy, automatic and instantly available to all? Add a bit of passion and voilà! Love is in the air!
Are you an optimist or a pessimist concerning love?
These are the sorts of questions raised by reading Simon May’s excellent Love: a History.
Today, optimism rules regarding love. In the West love is:
- like God, eternal, overcoming death, as that which lives on after us
- gives meaning to ordinary life
- sacred – it connects us to a higher realm
- the source and measure of true happiness
May says this modern idea of love as the grounding of meaning has no grounding itself – it has become an object of faith.
As we saw last time, historically Christian love has had two dimensions: love as divine and love as humility.
To love in Christian theology is to be recipients of God’s love and grace. Grace is gift which leads to a deep sense of humility. May does not really develop this, but love is primarily a work of the Spirit. The believer is empowered to love. Love does not come easily or naturally. It takes the discipline to ‘walk in the Spirit’ and ‘keep in step with the Spirit’.
Modern love has become detached from classical Christian love – the two sides of love (love as divine and humility necessary to love) have become ‘unstuck’.
Now we have love as divine – but without the humility.
“Without an all-powerful God to hold them together and serve as a standing reminder of how severely hard love is, as well as fundamentally beyond our control, they have simply gone their own separate ways, producing extremes of optimism and pessimism about love, both of which have damaged it.” 93
The optimists are in the majority: we all want to believe in love don’t we? But this is a love that is easy, romantic, lovely, and that which brings happiness. This is the radically democratic, universally available love that is celebrated, sought after, idolised, worshipped and pursued.
But with little sense of the need for the humility / obedience / discipline and the sheer hard work and stubborn covenant commitment required for love to last.
This makes much modern love superficial and thin. Everybody has a right to love and can love instantly. (And cease to love just as quickly) ‘Love’ can be emptied out to mean virtually anything.
But those pesky pessimists are a significant minority, throwing all sorts of dark and complicated spanners in the bright sparkly world of optimistic love:
The pessimists are those who have set about deconstructing the fantasies of optimists. So to the deep cynicism and pessimism about love in prophets of doom concerning love: atheists like Nietzsche and psychoanalysts like Freud (of more anon).