Simon May’s superb book Love: A History unpacks changing understandings of love through the centuries. It’s a tour de force; a scintillating journey with an expert and entertaining guide who introduces the reader to a fascinating list of characters, all of whom have a lot of (conflicting) things to say about love.
A few posts follow on key highlights of that journey.
The first stop on our journey is Diotima’s Ladder in Plato’s Symposium.
First, some questions: if asked, what would you say is the key to happiness? Would your answer include love? How do you think of love? Is it the supreme goal of life? Is it the true sign of spirituality and virtue? Is it that which makes you whole?
If you are answering yes to some of these then you are at least in part agreement with Plato.
Here’s a very clever little video (1.32) that captures Plato’s’ important idea of love as an ascent towards virtue: from physical lust to abstract morality; from this world to a higher plane; flesh to spirit.
The Symposium is the first extended philosophy of love in the Western world and has had immeasureable influence in the history of love.
This is Greek morality – the ideal youth is male; sexual lust is not in mind here, it is beauty that is idealised and women were inferior, so male beauty is that which arouses ‘bottom rung of the ladder’ love.
What parallels do you see in the concept of love as a ladder with Christian theology? And / or with how our culture thinks about love today?